How Science Shows That God Does Not Exist

April 17, 2008 at 7:31 pm (ΚΡΙΤΙΚΗ ΤΗΣ ΜΕΤΑΦΥΣΙΚΗΣ) ()

http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/vstenger/Godless/Summary.htm

God: The Failed Hypothesis

How Science Shows That God Does Not Exist

Victor J. Stenger

Summary of Arguments

Types of Impossibility Proofs

This set of arguments is basically taken from Reference 1.

q Definitional disproofs based on an inconsistency in the definition of God;

q Deductive evil disproofs based on the inconsistency between the existence of God who has certain attributes and the existence of evil;

q Doctrinal disproofs based on an inconsistency between the attributes of God and a particular religious doctrine, story, or teaching about God;

q Multiple attributes disproofs based on an inconsistency between two or more divine attributes;

q Single attribute disproofs based on an inconsistency within just one attribute.[1]

Examples of Impossibility Proofs

An All-Virtuous Being Cannot Exist

1. God is (by definition) a being than which no greater being can be thought.

1. Greatness includes the greatness of virtue.

1. Therefore, God is a being than which no being could be more virtuous.

1. But virtue involves overcoming pains and danger.

1. Indeed, a being, can only be properly said to be virtuous if it can suffer pain or be destroyed.

1. A God that can suffer pain or is destructible is not one than which no greater being can be thought.

1. For you can think of a greater being, one that is nonsuffering and indestructible.

1. Therefore, God does not exist.[2]

Worship and Moral Agency

1. If any being is God, he must be a fitting object of worship.

1. No being could possibly be a fitting object of worship, since worship requires the abandonment of one’s role as an autonomous moral agent.

1. Therefore, there cannot be any being who is God.[3]

The Problem of Evil

1. If God exists, then the attributes of God are consistent with the existence of evil.

1. The attributes of God are not consistent with the existence of evil.

1. Therefore, God does not and cannot exist.[4]

A Perfect Creator Cannot Exist

1. If God exists, then he is perfect.

1. If God exists, then he is the creator of the universe.

1. If a being is perfect, then whatever he creates must be perfect.

1. But the universe is not perfect.

1. Therefore, it is impossible for a perfect being to be the creator of the universe.

1. Hence, it is impossible for God to exist.[5]

A Transcendent Being Cannot Be Omnipresent

1. If God exists, then he is transcendent (i.e., outside space and time).

1. If God exists, he is omnipresent.

1. To be transcendent, a being cannot exist anywhere in space.

1. To be omnipresent, a being must exist everywhere in space.

1. Hence it is impossible for a transcendent being to be omnipresence.

1. Therefore it is impossible for God to exist.[6]

A Personal Being Cannot be Nonphysical

1. If God exists, then he is nonphysical.

1. If God exists, then he is a person (or a personal being).

1. A person (or personal being) needs to be physical.

1. Hence, it is impossible for God to exist.[7]

The Paradox of Omnipotence

1. Either God can create a stone that he cannot lift, or he cannot create a stone that he cannot lift.

1. If God can create a stone that he cannot lift, then he is not omnipotent.

1. If God cannot create a stone that he cannot lift, then he is not omnipotent.

1. Therefore god is not omnipotent. [8]

συνέχεια

http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/vstenger/Godless/Summary.htm

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